A List of the Largest Orthodox Christian Cathedrals in The World

Orthodox cathedrals are central to the worship and religious practices of Orthodox adherents around the world. The construction of the cathedrals takes into account important aspects of religion and often incorporate symbolism in the design and architecture of the cathedral. The cathedrals usually share some common aspects such as domes (that vary in number and color), crosses on the domes, a narthex, nave and sanctuary, and icons. The buildings are in circular, cruciform, linear or tripartite arrangements.

In this article, five beautiful Orthodox cathedrals from the list are examined in more detail. A full list of the world's largest Orthodox cathedrals can also be found below.

5. Poti Cathedral

The Poti Cathedral in Georgia was built in 1906 as an imitation of Hagia Sofia in Istanbul. It was the mayor of Poti, Niko Nikoladze, who made major contributions and chose the center of the town as the location of the cathedral in an effort to make it visible from all sides of Poti. The church had a capacity of 2000 people and was constructed using the Neo-Byzantine architectural style. In 1923, when the Red Army invaded Georgia, the church was turned into a theater by the communist government. However, in 2005 the cathedral was restored to the Orthodox Church of Georgia.

4. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - Tallinn

The Alexander Nevsky Cathedral of Tallinn, Estonia is the fourth largest Orthodox cathedral in the world with a capacity of 5000 worshippers. The cathedral, built in 1900 as a dedication to Alexander Nevsky, is the largest in Tallinn. During the 20th century, the Estonians neglected the cathedral as they saw it as a symbol of oppression by the USSR. Restoration efforts began after Estonia gained independence in 1991. The church includes features such as a mosaic of Alexander Nevsky, five onion domes, iron crosses and numerous icons.

3. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - Sofia

The third largest Orthodox cathedral located in Sofia, Bulgaria, and also called the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. The cathedral, built in 1912 using the Neo-Byzantine architectural style, has a capacity of 7,000 worshippers. The cathedral is a monument of culture with a museum, market and religious relics that attract tourists to the area. Like other Alexander Nevsky cathedrals, the Cathedral was built as a dedication to Saint Alexander Nevsky, a Russian prince who was part of the 19th century Russo-Turkish war.

2. Church of Saint Sava

With a capacity of 10,800 and a ground floor area of 37,674 square ft., the Church of Saint Sava Cathedral in Belgrade, Serbia, is the second largest Orthodox cathedral in the world. The cathedral, built in 1989, is a dedication to Saint Sava who founded the Serbian Orthodox Church in the medieval ages. Architectural styles used in the cathedral reflect both Serbo-Byzantine and Neo-Byzantine features. The church still goes through improvements and additions to the structure and interior of the building.

1. Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi

The Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi is the world’s largest Orthodox cathedral capable of holding 15,000 worshipers in one sitting. The eastern orthodox cathedral, based in Georgia, was completed and consecrated in 2004. The cathedral is one of the world’s largest religious buildings by area and the third tallest eastern orthodox cathedral. Also called Sameba, is an important national and religious symbol for the people of Georgia. The design of the cathedral incorporates both Georgian and Byzantine architectural features.

The Largest Orthodox Cathedrals In The World

1) Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi - 15,000 worshipers - Tbilisi

2) Saint Isaac's Cathedral - 14,000 worshipers - Saint Petersburg

3) Church of Saint Sava - 10,800 worshipers - Belgrade

4) Church of Saint Panteleimon - 10,000 worshipers - Athens

5) Church of the Holy Sepulchre - 10,000 worshipers - Jerusalem

6) Cathedral of Christ the Saviour - 10,000 worshipers - Moscow

7) Agios Minas Cathedral - 8,000 worshipers - Heraklion

8) Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - 7,000 worshipers - Sofia

9) Transfiguration Cathedral of Ugresha Monastery - 7,000 worshipers - Dzerzhinsky

10) Kazan Cathedral, St. Petersburg - 6,000 worshipers - Saint Petersburg

11) Naval Cathedral in Kronstadt - 6,000 worshipers - Kronstadt

12) Saint Andrew of Patras - 5,500 worshipers - Patras

13) Alexander Nevsky Cathedral - 5,000 worshipers - Tallinn

14) Saints Boris and Gleb Cathedral - 5,000 worshipers - Daugavpils

15) Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral - 5,000 worshipers - Timișoara

16) Church of the Nativity of Christ - 5,000 worshipers - Kyshtym

17) Novocherkassk Cathedral - 5,000 worshipers - Novocherkassk

18) St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral - 5,000 worshipers - Saint Petersburg

19) Sophia Cathedral - 5,000 worshipers - Saint Petersburg

20) Poti Cathedral - 2,000 worshipers - Poti

Source: https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-largest-orthodox-cathedrals-in-the-world.html